Git commands to initial, add and commit files

 Author: Shengtao Zhou       Created: 4/6/2019 6:17:31 AM       Modified: 10/27/2020 2:24:44 AM   More...
When you add a huge amount of files to git, you can't really use Git UI tools, like "Git GUI", because it has 5000 files limits for each commit. Here's the command lines that should be used to initial Git repository and add all files:
Open command line, change current directory to the folder you want to create the repository. Run the following commands:

1) Init local repository

git init

2) Add all files

git add --all

3) Commit local repository

git commit -am <commit message>

4) Create a remote repository in, then link remote repository to local repository

git remote add origin

5) Push local repository to remote repository

git push -u origin master

6) Pull from remote branch

If your local repository version is behind from the version in remote repository, push command will fail. So you need run following command first then push again.
git pull <remote repository url> <branch name>

7) Ignore files

Some files you may not want to checkin to Git, you can add them to an ignore file list.

8) Rename local and remote branches

Checkout local branch:

git checkout <local branch name>

Rename local branch:

git branch -m <new local branch name>

Push change to a new remote branch:

git push origin -u <new remote branch name>

Login to github, confirm new remote branch is created.

Delete old remote branch:

git push origin --delete <old remote branch>

For the best practice, your old local branch and old remote branch should have the same name, the same with your new local branch and new remote branch.

9) Check Status

git status

10) List Local Branches

git branch

11) Create and check out branch

git branch -b new-branch 

12) Reset change and remove from history

Get version history
git log --oneline
Reset to a specific version
git reset a17028400
Push reverted version
git push -f 
to be safer not to override new change in remote
git push --force-with-lease

13) Reset change

Head: Most recent commit

Index: Files for the next commit

Discard change and go back to an old version

git reset --hard <version>

--soft: uncommit changes, changes are left staged (index not move).

--mixed (default): uncommit + unstage changes (index move), changes are left in working tree.

--hard: uncommit + unstage + delete changes.

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